KANTOROVICH, LEONID (1912–1986), Soviet mathematician and economist, joint winner of the Nobel award for economics in 1975. A member of the Soviet Academy from 1958, he was also a winner of the Stalin (1949) and Lenin (1965) Prizes. He was a professor at Leningrad University in 1934–60. However, his position was weakened during the last years of Stalin's life, and his methods were criticized as "bourgeois science." His applications of mathematical methods to economic planning were not favored by the Soviet leadership. However after 1953, he was again recognized and became a professor at Leningrad University, and at the Moscow Institute for Management of the People's Economy, apart from teaching in the Novosibirsk Mathematics Institute. The Nobel award called him "the leading representative of the mathematics school in Soviet research" and noted that in his book The Best Use of Economic Resources, he analyzed conditions for efficiency in an economy as a whole and demonstrated the connection between allocation of resources and the process of economic growth. He contended that a deficient Soviet investment policy has failed to achieve optimum economic growth.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Kantorovich, Leonid V. — ► (1912 86) Economista y matemático soviético. Fue premio Nobel de Economía en 1975, junto con T. Ch. Koopmans, por sus estudios sobre el suministro y la demanda de bienes y servicios …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kantorovich, Leonid Vitalyevich — ▪ Russian mathematician and economist born January 19 [January 6, Old Style], 1912, St. Petersburg, Russia died April 7, 1986, U.S.S.R.       Soviet mathematician and economist who shared the 1975 Nobel Prize for Economics with Tjalling Koopmans… …   Universalium

  • Kantorovich, Leonid (Vitalyevich) — born Jan. 19, 1912, St. Petersburg, Russia died April 7, 1986, U.S.S.R. Soviet mathematician and economist. A professor at Leningrad State University (1934–60), he developed the linear programming model as a tool of economic planning. He used… …   Universalium

  • Kantórovich, Leonid (Vitaliévich) — (19 ene. 1912, San Petersburgo, Rusia–7 abr. 1986, URSS). Matemático y economista soviético. Fue profesor de la Universidad Estatal de Leningrado (1934–60) y desarrolló el modelo de programación lineal como herramienta de planificación económica …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kantorovich — Kantorovich, Leonid V …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Leonid Kantoróvich — Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich Petrov Vodkin. 1938 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Leonid Kantorovich — Infobox Scientist name = Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich image size = 180px caption = Leonid V. Kantorovich birth date = Birth date|1912|1|19 birth place = Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire death date = Death date and age|1986|4|7|1912|1|19 death… …   Wikipedia

  • Leonid — (as used in expressions) Brézhnev, Leonid (Ilich) Kantórovich, Leonid (Vitaliévich) Lavrovski, Leonid (Mijáilovich) Massine, Leonid Leonid Fiódorovich Miassin …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Leonid — /lee euh nid/, n., pl. Leonids, Leonides /lee on i deez /. Astron. any of a shower of meteors occurring around November 15 and appearing to radiate from a point in the constellation Leo. [1875 80; < NL Leonides, equiv. to L Leon (s. of Leo) LEO + …   Universalium

  • Leonid Kantorovich — Leonid Kantorovitch Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovitch (né le 19 janvier 1912 à Leningrad mort à Moscou le 7 avril 1986) est un mathématicien et un économiste russe (soviétique), spécialiste de l’optimisation. Il est le seul chercheur… …   Wikipédia en Français

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